Colour: Olive Green
Size: 2.7 x 2.4m
Camouflage became an essential part of modern military tactics after the increase in accuracy and rate of fire of weapons during the 19th century. Despite camouflage's demonstrated value, until the 20th century, armies tended to use bright colours and bold, impressive designs. These were intended to daunt the enemy, foster unit cohesion, allow easier identification of units in the fog of war, and attract recruits. Not until these uniforms covered the bodies of men in long windrows across the battlefield was there a clear pressure for change. In biological terms, camouflage is often referred to as cryptic coloration, which means concealed or disguised in appearance.
Typically, an animal, bird or insect will have a colour or pattern of coloration which blends in well with the visual appearance of its habitat, thereby making it hard to be seen by predators. The hides used by birdwatchers and photographers to get close to wildlife also utilise camouflage and thereby represent a very real way in which people mimic, and learn from, the natural processes of evolution.